FIP is the most famous disease in cats. To begin with, this disease leads to the death of a beloved animal. But do not panic once, those cats that live in large groups, that is, in shelters or are just street ones, are more likely to get infected. The probability of infection of cats at home is low, but it still exists, so before making conclusions, look at the information about this virus.
Pathogen – FIP causes a virus called coronavirus. They are divided, one of them causes illness, others remain harmless since there are many of them, you should not be afraid, you only need to know the most important of them. You should understand that these viruses most often pass in a mild form and cause diarrhea. Many scientists can recognize coronaviruses, but so far, no one can determine how the coronavirus will progress or remain harmless. Yes, the veterinary clinic will be able to decide on the invasiveness of these viruses, but none of them will say what will happen next, and whether it can lead to death, this is only individual.
It is known that the virus can be in the air and indoors for a very long time, it can be weeks, and sometimes months. But you can put pressure on him and kill with disinfectants. Therefore, one of the main rules – should be clean.
Test for rapid diagnosis of cats coronavirus
Pathogen. Forms. The symptoms of differential diagnosis with which they will study that is, the symptoms may indicate something else. By the method of exclusion and selection, they will be able to make the necessary diagnosis.
Absolutely all types of cats can be infected, from thoroughbred to ordinary yard. The period of elimination of viruses from the body lasts several weeks. Seasonality is absent.
Sources of the virus: sick animals. The possibility of withdrawal is oral, but not excluded and airy. Routes of entry into the body: oral cavity, nasopharynx.
Methods for removing the virus: feces (high titer), urine, nasal discharge.
Virus localization: initial replication occurs in the epithelial cells of the pharynx and intestines; localization at the stage of coronavirus enteritis – the surface of the intestinal body, at the site of infectious peritonitis – and macrophages.
In most cases, infection asymptomatically ends with the removal of the virus.
In some cases, the virus does not multiply; the animal practically does not secrete a virus that transitions from dormancy to action. The main initiating factors are various stresses.
In some animals, the infection asymptomatically passes into the form of carriage: the virus can move over all surfaces, is actively released into the external environment.
The course differs: from varying degrees of acute, sometimes severe, to almost asymptomatic. Duration is short or moderate. Symptoms are mainly expressed in kittens, especially after weaning.
- Transient vomiting (sometimes).
In most cases, self-healing occurs. The infection becomes a form of carriage and can be stored for a very long time, even until old age. There is such a possibility that the virus in many animals enters through the immune barrier and affects macrophages, the second stage of infection develops – viral infectious peritonitis.
Viral Infectious Peritonitis
The development of the generalized form of coronavirus is primarily associated with the specifics of the coronavirus itself — an unusually large size and vast surface area, which leads to the formation of virus-antibody multi complexes with a huge molecular weight.
Complexes settle in perivascular space: vascularization of the ship. Vascularization of the blood vessels of the liver leads to functional failure of the liver, a violation of the ratio of albumin and globulin in the blood and sweating of the liquid.
There are wet and dry forms. Initial symptoms in both cases are minor.
- Anorexia, depression, weight loss, non specific gastroenteritis, lethargy.
- Antibiotic – an independent fever, intercity (jaundice).
The most striking clinical signs in both episodic and hyperthermia. CNS lesions can lead to several paralyzes, paresis, impaired coordination, nystagmus and peripheral nerve palsy. With damage to the eyes, iridocyclitis, retinitis, uveitis of varying severity, which may be the only one, develop.
- Coronavirus enteritis: gastroenteritis, panleukopenia, giardiasis.
- Viral infectious peritonitis.
Wet and dry forms of viral infectious peritonitis are not mutually exclusive. Eye lesions are detected in 10% of cases by wet. In many cats with external manifestations of the dry form, pathological studies of the wet type were carried out. There are also case reports of the wet form of FIP replaced by the dry form of the disease.
Dry form: lymphosarcoma, pregnancy, obesity.
Wet forms: infections (immunodeficiency, leukemia, toxoplasmosis, haemobartonellosis), neoplasms, hyperthyroidism in old cats, fungal, and bacterial lesions, spongiform encephalopathy, cholangiohepatitis, idiopathy.
How to diagnose FIP using the Rapid FCoV Ab test
- Some cats with expansive FIP appear to have low tithes, or FCoV Ab is negative.
- FCoV Ab testing should only be done to diagnose FIP in combination with a compatible clinical history.
Signs and analysis of urine or blood with high globulins and low A: G.
The principle of the system
Fast test results from 5 to 10 minutes.
It does not require expensive equipment.
Simple use and storage.
A positive result on FIP ():
A positive effect means that the cat has antibodies to FIPV. But this does not necessarily imply a condition of infection.
Negative FIP (-) result:
If the cat does not have antibodies to FIPV, it is best to be vaccinated. If there is a suspicion that the cat is infected, but the result is negative, it is necessary to re-analyze 2-3 times. Perhaps the time of the report coincided with the period of serological transformation.
This system is intended only at the initial stages. After this, talk with your doctor about how to proceed.
Recommendations for the prevention of animal health
We are all responsible for the health of our pets. We care about the well-being of ourselves, our loved ones, and our younger brothers. In such cases, it is important to remember, first of all, the importance of cleanliness.
We give practical advice on the well-being and health of your cats today and always.
Provide sufficient water for animals. Animals should always have access to water, which has everything useful.
You are worried about good food. Provide your pet with the food he needs. Make sure you have enough feed.
Take care of animal sports. Animals should continue to do their usual exercises. Try new activities in the room – feeding puzzles and toys for the home stimulates the cognitive functions of your pet and helps to keep him in good shape.
Schedule everything in advance. If you need to leave your pet for a while, be sure to take care of its safety and proper care in advance.
Healthy and happy together. In everyday life, our little friends can help us both on the physical and mental levels. After all, they are always ready to come to our aid. According to some studies, pets can be a kind of “shock absorber” for stress. They help reduce fatigue caused by anxiety and reduce our perceptions on a physical and emotional level.
Having noticed that your cat is losing weight, you should prescribe the appropriate treatment.
Weight loss is a common symptom of coronavirus disease, but not a sign of illness in mature cats. You see that the cat is losing weight, we advise you to consult a doctor as soon as possible, the reasons may be different.
The problems that make the eating process painful, the animal is difficult to eat and smell; all this is the reason to get sick. When you find out the reason why the cat is losing weight, the doctor can be cured only after that. It is advisable to feed a food that is easier to eat or try to warm it up to improve its taste and thereby stimulate the appetite.
These conditions are typical of mature cats, but they should not be accompanied by unnecessary pain or stress. Consult your doctor for help if you notice that your cat is suffering.
This particular disease is not treatable. But can this be prevented, for example, by vaccinating your pet? There is a vaccine against coronavirus for cats, but there is no evidence of its effectiveness. The fact is that it is not clear whether the animal became ill precisely after using the vaccine or because of its immunity.
In general, experts say that little is currently known about the mutation of this virus. Nevertheless, in nurseries and shelters, there is the most significant risk that the animal will have precisely the mutant form of coronavirus. Therefore, they advise them or take the animal from the shelter to be interested in the breeders or shelter workers about the cases of coronavirus in this feline community.
It is assumed that the virus can mutate as a result of stress in the animal – moving, changing hosts, operations. That is, it is better to avoid stress and, if possible, not to take animals from dubious places. Fatal cases are rare, and this disease does not become a threat.
They usually cautiously talk about coronavirus infection using the word “if,” experts say something in certain things: it is not transmitted to people and does not threaten other animals. It should be remembered that it depends on the body of the animal and its immunity, and therefore a periodic examination by a veterinarian is crucial.
Cats are known to have a coronavirus that does not infect humans. But it is very likely that people who are in close contact with the cat every day may have antibodies to the feline virus. And, but this is only speculation, these antibodies can destroy the human coronavirus.
It is quite possible. Similar examples are known in history: so many milkmaids were immune to “smallpox” and practically did not become infected. It should be remembered that this protection is not 100%. This is just a hypothesis that has not yet been seriously investigated.
- most often sick cats domestic or living in the same room in large numbers
- diseases are more susceptible to young animals
- after infection, most cats secrete the virus for 2-3 weeks; some become lifelong excretes
- there are two forms of Fipa: effusion and dry
- Neurological signs are found in approximately 10% of cats.
- the forecast is terrible.